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Spiral jetty essay by robert smithson


spiral jetty essay by robert smithson

"Statements" of 1968 include "A field created by structured simultaneous TNT explosions" and "One standard dye marker thrown into the sea and epitomize the open-ended and hence anti-authoritarian stance of the movement. About 1947 he made a major technical breakthrough in his painting, placing his enormous unstretched canvases on the floor of his studio and rhythmically dripping paint onto their surfaces from all sides, using sticks rather than brushes. Art, as traditionally conceived, appeared to be at a point of dissolution. In 1973, he died in an aircraft accident when he was surveying the site for another Earthwork in Texas. Furthermore, fractures began to develop in the movement by the mid-1970s, leading to the dissolution of the movement. Conceptual artists link their work to a tradition of Marcel Duchamp, whose Readymades had rattled the very definition of the work of art. The work both empowered him, insofar as he achieved gratification, and disempowered him, insofar as he was literally walked over. Among its admirers, the American. The late 1960s witnessed the emergence of a form of Conceptualism that has come to be known as institutional critique, practiced by artists such as Hans Haacke, Michael Asher, Daniel Buren, and Marcel Broodthaers. The analysis of art that was pursued by many Conceptual artists encouraged them to believe that if the artist began the artwork, the museum or gallery and the audience in some way completed.

An amalgam of various tendencies rather than a tightly cohesive movement, Conceptualism took myriad forms, such as performances, happenings, and ephemera. Related once again to Duchamps antiaesthetic ready-mades (notably his urinal those works presented wry commentaries on the commodification of the artists most elementary produce.

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Much of the self-consciously avant-garde art produced in the early 20th centurythe art, that is, of the Cubists, the Dadaists, the Surrealists, and the Constructivists, among otherscan be described as modernist in attitude. As he imagined the audience walking above him, his groans were relayed to them via a loudspeaker. The climate of artistic opinion that spread outward from New York City made possible flamboyant gesture paintings such as those of the French-born Georges Mathieu. Painting in Europe and the United States: 194570 Abstraction It is generally accepted that the most innovatory steps in postwar painting were initially taken in New York City. As a consequence, significant shifts in social organization occurred; companies started to expand internationally, bringing into being the now familiar global economy. In France the Informel (Unformed) movement, its principles expounded most influentially by the critic Michel Tapi, combined the traditional iconography of the nude with massively ravaged painted surfaces to produce disturbing depictions of the body such as Jean Fautriers Otages (Hostages) series of the mid-1940s.

spiral jetty essay by robert smithson

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