separate interest groups. These groups claim to represent common democratic interests of the electorate against special lobbying interests. A b Linder, Doug. 5, when it comes to building the political agenda, there are three main models which are commonly cited: the outside initiative model, mobilization model, and inside initiative model.
The Pluralist theory edit The pluralist theory suggests that policy-making is divided into several categories or arenas. Both small and large groups enjoy a psychological advantage when intensity is involved. Relating to the political agenda, the implications of the fact that MPs care so much about media reports are twofold: some MPs may think media coverage is reflective of public opinion, while others may feel the media affect what the public sees as important. Results showed that achieving agenda status is more difficult in modern nations than in smaller nations rooted in face-to-face interaction. Today Congress debates lobby reform that would disallow lobbyists paying for congressional travel and lavish meals. Other kinds of relationships may undermine fairness. The rise of these groups initiated the formation of counter-organizations. Since the ethical foundation of lobbying is the vigorous public debate for informed decision making, ethical dilemmas related to lobbying tend to arise when various behaviors by lobbyists and lawmakers undermine the fairness of that process and do not contribute to the common good. These subgovernments are composed of key interest groups interested in a particular policy, the government agency in charge of administering the policy, and the members of congressional committees and subcommittees handling the policy. 4 National organizations created by citizens might have a lower probability of success in comparison to organizations formed by elites, but in either case they will still indirectly benefit the weaker citizen groups, who would have otherwise remained unorganized. When large-scale private corporations have a vested influence in a policy area, they can use their money and power to try to either keep or eliminate an issue from the political agenda.
9 Think tanks edit Think tanks are in need of financial backing. 12 The Elitist Theory edit In the elitist theory a main power elite dominates the entire agenda setting process to serve their own interests. Mostly environmental groups and consumer organizations make up this category. By influencing the politicians and public to support their cause lobbyists and interest groups fulfill their roles by providing information to the public about concerns that affect the United States today. Bars lobbyists themselves from buying gifts and meals for legislators, but it leaves a big loophole: firms and organizations represented by those lobbyists may still dole out freebies;.